The Application And Research of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete

The Application And Research of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete

Steel fiber reinforced concrete is a composite material with steel fiber as the reinforcing material and concrete as the matrix. Fiber reinforced concrete structure is widely used and develops rapidly. Because of the unique properties of concrete, it is widely used in highways. Compared with ordinary concrete, the concrete pavement has better impermeability, high strength, and good working performance. Under the influence of the rolling of high-speed vehicles and the alternation of high temperature and low temperature, many quality and technical problems appear in concrete pavement. In setting and hardening, concrete will produce many cracks because the water-binder ratio is low, and early autogenous shrinkage will be enormous. There is no doubt that there are hidden dangers of insecurity. Therefore, enhancing crack resistance and prolonging the service life of concrete pavement have become essential research areas.

      1. The Development of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete Pavement


      Steel fiber in concrete is mainly used to prevent and suppress reflection cracks of pavement. This application of steel fiber reinforced concrete can be traced back to 1907-1908. B.П. HekpocaB, a Soviet expert, added steel fiber into concrete to enhance its performance. Some people think that the earliest development was in 1910. When H.F. Porter of the United States made a systematic and comprehensive study on short fibers, which were uniformly dispersed in concrete as a reinforcing material. Now, the steel fiber reinforced concrete structure is roughly the same as it was during that time. In the 1940s, many countries applied for patents on steel fiber manufacturing technology, steel fiber reinforced concrete performance and changing steel fiber shape to enhance the bond between steel fiber and concrete. In 1963, steel fiber reinforced concrete developed rapidly. J.B. Batson made a theoretical analysis of steel fiber reinforced concrete’s action mechanism and published a research report. Then, two principal theories were proposed. One was the theory of compound mechanics proposed by Swamy in the United Kingdom; the other was the theory of fiber spacing presented by Romualdi in the United States. Based on the above situation, the steel fiber used to resist reflection cracks, but now it has become a vast improvement of the concrete pavement. The reinforcement effect of steel fiber on concrete pavement has attracted much attention in the United States and Western European countries, and steel fiber is still used on a large scale. Moreover, the blending equipment related to steel fiber has been developed to provide convenience for the popularization of steel fiber reinforced concrete pavement.

  1. The Current Research Focus of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete Pavement

    Steel fiber can effectively improve the performance of concrete and ensure its integrity. To improve the high-temperature stability, low-temperature crack resistance, and good affinity of concrete, randomly distributed steel fibers are mixed into the aggregate. The construction process of steel fiber reinforced concrete is simple. Its anti-cracking effect is noticeable. Therefore, relevant scholars have conducted a lot of research mainly from the following aspects:  

    • The Research on the Adhesion of Steel Fiber And Cement Mortar Interface


    In steel fiber reinforced concrete, the interface bond between steel fiber and concrete matrix plays a crucial role in cracking resistance. At the same time, steel fiber can disperse the load. Bonding is an essential factor to characterize the cracked state of steel fiber reinforced concrete. The bond between steel fiber and matrix is tested by pull-out test while the bond effect is evaluated by pull-out load slip curve.

    • The Research on Mechanical Properties of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete


    The physical and mechanical properties of composite material reflect the reinforcement degree and steel fiber mechanism to concrete. Through the mechanical properties test, the main properties can be measured, including compressive performance, tensile performance, flexural performance, and so on. Mechanical property test is important research, and the means of steel fiber reinforcement mechanism mainly tests mechanical indexes through load action.

    • The Research on the Rational Dosage of Steel Fiber


    By analyzing the external load, when the adhesion work effect of the interface between the matrix and steel fiber is equal to the cohesion effect of the matrix itself, the ratio of the length of steel fiber to the dosage of the matrix reaches the ideal failure mode of the composite interface and debonding and matrix failure occur simultaneously. The optimal length and dosage of steel fiber in the steel fiber reinforced matrix are determined by adhering more steel fibers to cement mortar.

Compared with ordinary concrete, steel fiber reinforced concrete can effectively prolong roads’ service life and significantly improve road performance, so its use space is more extensive. Although steel fiber’s addition increases the construction cost, its comprehensive ratio will be higher than its price–performance ratio. Simultaneously, although scholars have done a lot of research on steel fiber reinforced concrete, most of the test parameters are based on experience and lack of detailed theory as the basis. Therefore, the investigation of steel fiber reinforced concrete has excellent application prospects.

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